Maya Archaeology Notes 5 of 13

Maya Archaeology – Late Pre-Classic Period Transition Notes

  1. Theories for the emergence of stratification were found by Friedal in excavation of Cerros archaeological site.
    • Evidence traces a remarkable change from a small egalitarian fishing community to a large-scale stratified City.
    • Friedal engages the theory that this rapid shift in social organization was spearheaded by their iconography.
    • Iconography found on buildings included depictions of the sun-face rising from the earth figure. Others show a face symbolizing the morning star (Venus).
    • During this early iconography, humans were not directly depicted. Future iconography showing staircases put humans within this cultural context.
    • Shamans were revered in this society, significant as leaders and rulers.

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